The total or partial loss of the ability to control our bladder is known as incontinence. Most people are not aware of this disorder because it is not very popular. Its unpopularity may be attributed to the fact that people do not report their condition when they are feeling signs of incontinence or suffer from nocturia. Women are the common targets of this condition but there are different types of incontinence in men as well.
Four Main Types of Incontinence in Men
• Functional incontinence, Is a type of incontinence in men that Involves the loss of the ability to urinate despite recognizing the need to discharge. People who suffer from this are those who are unable to go to the restroom because of physical inability, dementia, unwillingness to go to the toilet (depression, anger, anxiety, etc…) and confusion.
• Overflow incontinence in men. Happens when a person is unable to stop the constant “dribbling” or small leaks of the bladder. These leaks continuously happen over time.
• Stress incontinence. Weak pelvic muscles can lead to poor control over the bladder. So when any form of stress is applied to the area (cough, sneeze, physical exertion, etc…) the bladder contracts and causes the release of urine.
• Urge incontinence. Is a type of incontinence in men that results from inappropriate contraction of the bladder. It happens for no apparent reason after the feeling of “urgency” to release. One common cause of this type of incontinence is over reactive nerves.
Signs that Hint at the Development of Different Types of Incontinence in Men
• There is discomfort in your back abdomen when pressure is applied. This may be a sign of Urinary Tract Infection or UTI that can lead to incontinence.
• You have an enlarged or very firm prostate gland, which may indicate benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate cancer.
• Your urinary tract is blocked by growths or abnormalities that can be spotted in a rectal exam.
• There is a loss of muscle control in some areas of your body including your urinary tract. This may be the early signs of Parkinson’s disease or even a stroke. Both of which may lead to incontinence after prostate surgery.
Being aware of the signs of the different types of incontinence in men allows you to detect it at an early stage. If it is caught early, it will be easier to cure. This saves you from the inconvenience of urinary leaks as well as complicated and expensive treatments in the future.
If you do not show any signs of any of the types of incontinence in men, it is still best to know develop habits that will prevent it. And the first step in preventing different types of urinary incontinence in men is to learn more about its causes and what may be considered as risk factors for this condition.
Causes of Male Incontinence:
• Bed rest
• Weight gain
• Urinary tract infection
• Severe constipation that results in impacted stool
• Alcohol abuse
• High caffeine intake
Risk factors include:
• an enlarged prostate
• bladder cancer
• congenital abnormalities of the urinary tract or nervous system
• external beam radiation to treat prostate cancer
• injury to the urinary tract or nervous system
• neurological disorders
• overactive bladder
• removal of the prostate gland
• and urinary stones.
After being informed of the potential causes and risk factors for the different types of incontinence in men, the next step is to observe a proper diet and create a healthy lifestyle. Doing so will reduce the risk of developing incontinence and their are incontinence products now available for men.
The following changes are recommended:
• Take in more foods that are high in fibre. These include whole grain breads, grains, cereals and cereal products, fruit, vegetables, legumes, nuts and seeds.
• Drink the recommended 6-8 glasses of water every day.
• Maintain an ideal body weight.
• Steer clear of caffeinated drinks and carbonated beverages.
• Cut down on alcohol as it irritates the bladder.